Conferences and Publications

New Research: Person-Environment Fit

622908New research by WAVE Director Tara Behrend and WAVE alumna Jessica Badger Darrow explores the construct of person-environment (PE) fit and provides evidence that it is best modeled as a formative construct.

Read the article here.

New Research: Technology-Mediated Interviews

New research by Ryan Horn and Tara Behrend provides evidence for the potential detrimental effects of synchronous video technology in the context of selection interviews. In the current issue of Personnel Assessment and Decisions, they report on a study they conducted investigating how picture-in-picture technology affects interviewees. Read the study, entitled “Video Killed The Interview Star: Does Picture-in-Picture Affect Interview Performance? here.


WAVE Upcoming Presentations 2017

Members of WAVE will be presenting their research at the upcoming conferences:





1:30 PM – 2:20 PM: Trends in Learning and Development Research and Practice (Behrend) 

4:30 PM – 5:20 PM: Personality Variability Predicts Information Sharing: A Large Scale Field Study (Tomczak, Willford, & Behrend)



8:30 AM – 9:20 AM: How Pay Affects Performance and Retention in Longitudinal Crowdsourced Research (Auer, Behrend)

4:00 PM – 4:50 PM: Electronic Performance Monitoring Type Predicts Monitoring Perceptions and Contextual Performance (Willford, Tomczak, Jimenez, Behrend)






11:00 AM – 11:50 AM: Student outcomes stem from support: Perceived organizational support for innovation and technology implementation in schools. (Tomczak & Behrend)





WAVE Director, Dr. Tara Behrend will be presenting at the Association for Research in Personality Conference in Sacramento, CA, in early June. Details will be posted here soon.


WAVE Lab Presentations at SIOP 2016

SIOP 2016  Logo copy2


WAVE lab members will be presenting their research at the following sessions in Anaheim, CA, April 14-16th:



12:00 PM – 1:30 PM: IGNITE Debate: Should We Trust or Avoid Online Convenience Samples? (Behrend)

1:30 PM – 2:50 PM: Using I-O to Make an Impact on a Larger Scale. (Behrend)



12:00 PM – 1:30 PM: 21st Century Skills: Why Do They Matter To I-O (Behrend, Willford, Tomczak, Horn)

1:30 PM – 3:00 PM: Modern Tools and Samples for the Ubiquitous Workplace Survey (Behrend)

3:30 PM – 5:00 PM: g Explains Individual Differences in Decision-Making Competence. (Blacksmith, Behrend)



1:30PM – 3:00PM: The “Skills Gap” and Workforce Readiness: Implications for Talent Management (Behrend)

3:30PM – 4:30PM: Video Killed The Interview Star: Does Picture-In-Picture Affect Interview Performance? (Behrend, Horn) – Program ID 345-11

Understanding Training Motivation Requires Attention to Affective and Cognitive Factors

New published work from Dr. Behrend and WAVE  alumnus Dr. Garett Howardson:
garett research gateIn the current issue of The International Journal of Training and Development, Howardson and Behrend report on a study investigating different sources of self-efficacy beliefs in training. The authors identify an important gap between education and organizational research that exists in terms of what contributes to self-efficacy beliefs. While education research has previously focused on one set of sources of self-efficacy beliefs, organizational researchers have focused on another. This study considers the influence of separate sources identified from both areas within the same context. The results suggest that in addition to achievement goal orientation, vicarious experience and negative emotional arousal are also important sources of pre-training self-efficacy. As is noted in the article, this has important implications for organizations that are considering how to design pre-training interventions that will improve training effectiveness. In short, people who are feeling anxious don’t do as well in training. People who have the benefit of seeing others who are similar to them succeed end up doing better in training. Incorporating this knowledge into training design will help make the training more effective.

The abstract and details for accessing this article can be found here.


In the Academy of Management: Learning and Education (currently available as an advanced online publication) Howardson and Behrend expand upon the construct of affective trainee reactions by providing a model that conceptualizes reactions as a structure explained by four factors. The paper presents the development and validation of a new measure that assesses training reactions using this conceptualization and discusses the implications for learning and course reputation outcomes. More information about this article can be found here.



Publication: Remotely Proctored Testing

Michael Karim, Samuel Kaminsky, and Dr. Tara Behrend have recently published their research on remotely proctored testing in the Journal of Business and Psychology’s special issue on inductive research. The study examines electronic methods of recreating an in-person proctored environment and suggests that electronic proctoring is effective in reducing cheating, though it leads to negative perceptions regarding invasion of privacy. The paper concludes by offering researchers a taxonomy of electronic proctoring characteristics for future study.


The study is currently available as an online first publication.

Publication: Internet Recruitment

Garett Howardson and Dr. Tara Behrend have recently published their research in Computers in Human Behavior. The study examined usability expectations in internet recruitment and compared these effects to those of objective technological characteristics. While both influence organizational attractiveness by increasing usability perceptions, expectations had a much stronger influence than technological features.

The study is currently available as an online first publication.

Dr. Behrend to present at ICTD conference in South Africa in December!

Dr. Behrend will be presenting on psychological dynamics in ICTD projects at the ICTD Conference.

The presentation will discuss psychological and interpersonal factors such as motivation, leadership, teamwork and organizational culture as they are often key to ICTD success. The presentation will bring together experts from the ICTD field and the organizational/management sciences in order to engage around case studies and discuss interdisciplinary solutions to the human dynamics that often make or break ICTD interventions.

Behrend, T.S., Gloss, A.E., Howardson, G.N., Thompson, L.F., & McCallum, S. (2013). Addressing the X-factor: Psychological and interpersonal factors affecting ICTD success – a perspective from the organizational and management sciences. Proceedings of ICTD 2013, Dec 07-10, Capetown, South Africa.

Samuel’s Second Year Project

Congratulations to Samuel Kaminsky for completing his second year project! The project examined the extent to which people feel called to potential careers and how this sense of calling affects their career choice attitudes. The results suggest that calling provides unique predictive power beyond self-efficacy for career attitudes and that there is a non-rational component to career choice that represents identification and inspiration.

Publication: Virtual Worlds and Recruitment

Jessica Badger, Samuel Kaminsky, and Dr. Tara Behrend have recently published their research in the Journal of Managerial Psychology. The study examined the use of virtual worlds (e.g., second life) for recruitment and suggests that interactive virtual environments may not be as effective as traditional websites in conveying information for job seekers.