Research


Technology-Mediated Interviews

Interviewing candidates is a standard and vital part of the selection process for almost every organization.  As technology progresses, so too are the ways in which organizations conduct interviews. . The use of technology-mediated interviews such as telephone, video-based, or online chat interviews can reduce the cost of interviewing and allow organizations to interview a broader applicant population.  While these types of technologies come with many benefits for Human Resource departments, research is needed in order to ensure organizations are implementing these solutions in a strategic and appropriate manner. In addition, as the features and characteristics of these technologies change so do the psychological implications for both applicants and interviewers.  The WAVE lab is conducting several research projects that begin to address the impact that technology can have on the interview experience.

Horn, R. G. & Behrend, T. S. (2017). Video killed the interview star: Does picture-in-picture affect interview performance? Personnel Assessment and Decisions, 3(1), 51-59.

Blacksmith, N. B., Willford, J. C., & Behrend, T. S. (2016). Technology in the employment interview: A meta-analysis and future research agenda. Personnel Assessment and Decisions, 2(1), 12-20.

Blacksmith, N., Horn, R., & Behrend, T. S. (2013). Online interviews: An exploration of how text-only media influences information used to rate applicants. Poster presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Horn, R.G., Shen, R., & Behrend, TS (2015, May). An exploration of accent and medium effects in employment interviews.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.


Electronic Surveillance and Monitoring

The shift towards digital work has raised a number of questions regarding personnel selection and evaluation. How does an organization measure the performance of employees who work remotely? How can an organization verify an applicant’s identity and proctor a test online? Electronic monitoring technology has been proposed to address both of these issues, among others. This  technology allows supervisors to collect information ranging from simple time stamps to detailed activity logs that capture every keystroke a person makes while online. While these tools are seen as a necessity by some organizations, they can have strong negative effects on a worker’s well-being and sense of autonomy. The WAVE lab is currently investigating the relationships between monitoring practices and employee behaviors.

Ravid, D. M., Tomczak, D. L., White, J. C., & Behrend, T. S. (2019). EPM 20/20: A review, framework, and research agenda for electronic performance monitoring. Journal of Management.

White, J. C., Ravid, D. M., & Behrend, T. S. (2019). Moderating effects of person and job characteristics on digital monitoring outcomes. Current Opinion in Psychology.

Brown Yost, A., Behrend, T. S., Howardson, G., Badger Darrow, J., D., & Jensen, J. M. (2018). Reactance to electronic surveillance: A test of antecedents and outcomes. Journal of Business and Psychology, 34(1), 1-16.

Willford, J. C., Tomczak, D. L., Jimenez, W., Ravid, D., & Behrend, T. S. (2017, April). Electronic performance monitoring type predicts monitoring perceptions and contextual performance. Poster presented at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.

Willford, J.C., Cox, M.J., Howard, R.H., & Behrend, TS. (2015, May). Workplace monitoring and surveillance: A mixed-methods examination of invasiveness perceptions. Poster presented at the 28th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

Willford, J. C., Howard, R. H., Cox, M. J., Badger, J. M., & Behrend, T. S. (2015, April). A latent class analysis of electronic performance monitoring practices.  Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.

Karim, M. N., Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Cheating, reactions, and performance in remotely proctored testing: An exploratory experimental study. Journal of Business and Psychology (special issue on Inductive Research), 29, 555-572. doi: 10.1007/s10869-014-9343-z

Brown, A. R., Badger, J. M., Behrend, T. S., & Jensen, J. M. (2012, April). Personality predicts acceptance of performance monitoring at work. Poster presented to the 27th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Diego, CA.

Technology and Learning

Technology-enabled training allows trainees to engage in new learning environments. With virtual reality, learners can practice skills and build interests for a variety of jobs in a safe, controlled environment. Other digital, computer-based training programs provide learners with great amounts of control over  instructional (e.g., training pace, content, guidance, design, and sequence) and scheduling (i.e., when to complete a training program) features. The selected works below examine the effects of these new environments on learning and training reactions.

Pitcher, B. D., Ravid, D. M., Behrend, T. S. (2019, October). Improving student attitudes and performance in STEM through virtual reality and constructive feedback. Symposium presented at the annual Technology, Mind, and Society Conference, Washington D.C.

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Reexamining the nature of learner control: Dimensionality and effects on learning and training reactions. Journal of Business and Psychology, 29, 287-99.  doi: 10.1007/s10869-013-9309-6.

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2013). Controlling Engagement: The Effects of Learner Control on Engagement and Satisfaction. In C. Wankel & P. Blessinger (Eds). Increasing Student Engagement and Retention in e-Learning Environments: Web 2.0 and Blended Learning Technologies. Emerald Publishing Group.

Publications

In Press

White, J. C., Behrend, T. S., & Siderits, I. O. (2020). Changes in workplace technology. In B. Hoffman, M. Shoss, & L. Wegman (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of the Changing Nature of Work. Cambridge University Press.

Oswald, F. L., Putka, D., Behrend, T. S., & Sinar, E. (2020). Big data in human resource management. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5(1), 18.1-18.29.

2019

Ravid, D. M., Tomczak, D. L., White, J. C., & Behrend, T. S. (2019). EPM 20/20: A review, framework, and research agenda for electronic performance monitoring. Journal of Management.

White, J. C., Ravid, D. M., & Behrend, T. S. (2019). Moderating effects of person and job characteristics on digital monitoring outcomes. Current Opinion in Psychology.

Glosenberg, A., Tracey, T. J., Behrend, T. S., Blustein, D. L., & Foster, L. L. (2019). Person-vocation fit across the world of work: Evaluating the generalizability of the circular model of vocational interests and social cognitive career theory across 74 countries. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 112, 92-108.

Blacksmith, N., Behrend, T. S., Dalal, R. S., & Hayes, T. L. (2019). General mental ability and decision-making competence: Theoretically distinct but empirically redundant. Personality and Individual Differences, 138, 305–311.

Oswald, F., Behrend, T. S., & Foster, L. (Eds.). (2019). Workforce Readiness and the Future of Work. New York, NY: Routledge.

Tomczak, D. L. & Behrend, T. S. (2019). I spy: A research agenda for the study of workplace surveillance and privacy. In R. N. Landers (Ed.), Cambridge Handbook of Technology and Employee Behavior (pp. 708-742). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Behrend, T. S., & Ravid, D. M. (2019). Lost in the crowd: Crowdsourcing as a research method. In R. N. Landers (Ed.), Cambridge Handbook of Technology and Employee Behavior (pp. 790-805). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Blacksmith, N., Yang, Y., Behrend, T. S., & Ruark, G. A. (2019). Assessing the validity of inferences from scores on the cognitive reflection test. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 32(5), 599-612.

2018

Brown Yost, A., Behrend, T. S., Howardson, G., Badger Darrow, J., & Jensen, J. M. (2018). Reactance to electronic surveillance: A test of antecedents and outcomes. Journal of Business and Psychology, 34(1), 71-86.

Dubrow, S., Behrend, T. S., & Emich, K. J. (2018). I think you can: Transpersonal efficacy in teams. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 33(7), 458-474.

Tomczak, D. L., Lanzo, L. A., & Aguinis, H. (2018). Evidence-based recommendations for employee performance monitoring. Business Horizons, 61(2), 251-259.

Lynch, S. J., Burton, E. P., Behrend, T., House, A., Ford, M., Spillane, N., Matray, S. & Means, B. (2018). Understanding inclusive STEM high schools as opportunity structures for underrepresented students: Critical components. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 55(5), 712-748.

2017

Badger Darrow, J., & Behrend, T. S. (2017). Person-environment fit is a formative construct. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 103, 117-131.

Horn, R. G. & Behrend, T. S. (2017). Video killed the interview star: Does picture-in-picture affect interview performance? Personnel Assessment and Decisions, 3(1), 51-59.

2016

Blacksmith, N. B., Willford, J. C., & Behrend, T. S. (2016). Technology in the employment interview: A meta-analysis and future research agenda. Personnel Assessment and Decisions. 2(1), 12-20.

Howardson, G. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2016). Coming full circle with reactions: Understanding the structure and correlates of trainee reactions through the affect circumplex. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 15(3), 471-492. doi: 10.5465/amle.2014.0012

2015

Wiebe, E. N., Thompson, I., & Behrend, T. S. (2015). MOOCs from the viewpoint of the learner: A response to Perna. Educational Researcher, 44, 252-254. doi: 10.3102/0013189X15584774

Howardson, G. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2015). The relative importance of specific self‐efficacy sources in pretraining self‐efficacy beliefs. International Journal of Training and Development, 19(4), 233-252.

Howardson, G. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2015). I think I can, but why? Assessing the sources of pre-training self-efficacy: development and validation of a new measure. International Journal of Training & Development, 19(4), 233-252. doi: 10.1111/ijtd.12060

Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2015). Career choice and calling: Integrating calling and social cognitive career theory. Journal of Career Assessment, 23(3), 383-398.

Landers, R. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2015). An inconvenient truth: Arbitrary distinctions between organizational, Mechanical Turk, and other convenience samples (focal article). Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 8(2), 142-164.  doi: 10.1017/iop.2015.13

Karim, M. N., Willford, J. C., & Behrend, T. S. (2015). Big data, little individual: Considering the human side of big data. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8(4), 527-533.

2014

Badger, J. M., Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Media richness and information acquisition in Internet recruitment. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29(7), 866-883. doi: 10.1108/JMP-05-2012-0155

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Reexamining the nature of learner control: Dimensionality and effects on learning and training reactions. Journal of Business and Psychology, 29, 287-99.  doi: 10.1007/s10869-013-9309-6.

Karim, M. N., Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Cheating, reactions, and performance in remotely proctored testing: An exploratory experimental study. Journal of Business and Psychology (special issue on Inductive Research), 29, 555-572. doi: 10.1007/s10869-014-9343-z

Howardson, G. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2014). Using the internet to recruit employees: Comparing the effects of usability expectations and objective technological characteristics on Internet recruitment options. Computers in Human Behavior, 31(14), 334-342. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2013.10.057

2013

Behrend, T. S., Gloss, A., & Thompson, L. F. (2013). Global development through the psychology of workplace technology. In M. Coovert & L.F. Thompson (Eds.) The psychology of workplace technology (pp. 261-283). New York, NY: Routledge.

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2013). Controlling engagement: The effects of learner control on engagement and satisfaction. In C. Wankel & P. Blessinger (Eds), Increasing Student Engagement and Retention in e-Learning Environments: Web 2.0 and Blended Learning Technologies. Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing Group.

Watson, A. M., Foster Thompson, L., Rudolph, J. V., Whelan, T. J., Behrend, T. S., & Gissel, A. L. (2013). When big brother is watching: Goal orientation shapes reactions to electronic monitoring during online training. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(4), 642.

2012

Behrend, T. S., &  Thompson, L. F. (2012). Using animated agents in learner-controlled training: The effects of design control. International Journal of Training & Development, 16, 263-283. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2419.2012.00413.x

Behrend, T. S., Toady, S., Thompson, L. F., & Sharek, D. J. (2012). The effects of avatar appearance on interviewer ratings in virtual employment interviews. Human Behavior, 28, 2128-2133. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.06.017

2011

Behrend, T. S., & Thompson, L. F. (2011). Similarity effects in online training: Effects with computerized training agents. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1201-1207. 10.1016/j.chb.2010.12.016

Conference Presentations and Symposia

2019

Pitcher, B. D., Ravid, D. M., Behrend, T. S. (2019, October). Improving student attitudes and performance in STEM through virtual reality and constructive feedback. Symposium presented at the annual Technology, Mind, and Society Conference, Washington D.C.

Arnold, G. C., White, J. C., Miles, A. F. (2019, May). Examining agreement of culture perceptions from organizations’ websites. Poster presented at the 32nd annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Howardson G. N. & Behrend T. S. (2019, April). Within-learner affective changes and relationships with skill learning. Poster presented at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

McCune E. A., Bauer T. N., Behrend T. S., Carr S. C., Galli L., Morrison M., & Putka D. J. (2019, April). SIOP select: Disruptions big and small: The future of science-practice in I/O. Panel conducted at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

Siderits I. O., White J. C., Zarsky S., Ravid D., & Behrend T. S. (2019, April). Twenty years of technology at SIOP: Are I-O psychologists lagging? Poster presented at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

Behrend T. S. (Discussant). In Mugayar-Baldocchi M., Brawley Newlin A. M. (Co-Chairs) MTurk: Abuses, misuses and proper uses. Symposium presented at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

McChesney J. E. & Behrend T. S. (2019, April). Do women dream of computer science careers? Poster presented at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

Hoffman B. J., Behrend T. S. Kanfer R., Shoss M. K., & Wegman L. A. (2019, April). The changing nature of work and workers. Panel conducted at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

Glösenberg A. E., Wright N. A., & Behrend T. S. (2019, April). Does it take a city? Evaluating 21st century skills and their relationship with economic mobility on a city level of analysis. In Hoffman B. J. (Chair), Changing Nature of Work: Implications for Organizations. Symposium presented at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

White J. C., Behrend T. S., & Auer A. (2019, April). White vs. Asian applicants in technology-mediated interviews and the effects on justification of hiring decisions. In Langer M. & Melchers K. G. (Co-Chairs), Job interview technology: Effects on applicants, evaluators, and adverse impact. Symposium presented at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

Litano M., Allen T. D., Domingues K. M., Kraiger K., Macey W. H., Oswald F., Putka D. J., Weiss J., Reynolds D. H., Behrend T. S., Robinson W., Mattingly V. P., & Sandell K. J. (2019, April). SIOP select: Positioning SIOP as the premier and trusted authority: Leaders IGNITE. Panel conducted at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

Barney M., Fink A. A., Peterson D. B., Behrend T. S., & Lahti K. (2019, April). Technology & the future of I-O psychology. Panel conducted at the 34th annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, MD.

2018

Behrend, T. S., Brown, K. G., Burke-Smalley, L., Kraiger, K., Peterson, D. B., Salas, E., Surface, E. A. (2018, April). The future of learning and development research: Threats and opportunities. Symposium conducted at the 33rd annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Aiello, J. R., Cascio, W. F., McNall, L. A., Stanton, J. M., & Behrend, T. S. (2018, April). Invisible eye or helping hand? The present and future of organizational surveillance. In D. L. Tomczak & T.S. Behrend (Chairs). Panel presented at the 33rd annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Tomczak, D. L., Willford, J. C., White, J. C., & Behrend, T. S. (2018, April). When electronic monitoring encourages withdrawal: The mediating role of autonomy. Poster presented at the 33rd annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Fink, A., Battista, M., Behrend, T. S., Kolmstetter, E. B., Kraiger, K., & Macey, W. H. (2018, April). Forging the future of work with I/O psychology. Panel conducted at the 33rd annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Blacksmith, N., Yang, Y., Ruark, G., & Behrend, T. S. (2018, July). A validity analysis of the cognitive reflection test using an item-response-tree model. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2018, No. 1, p. 18090). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

2017

Tomczak, D. L., & Behrend, T. S. (2017, May). Student outcomes stem from support: Perceived organizational support for innovation and technology implementation in schools. Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Boston, MA.

Tomczak, D. L., Willford, J. C., Miles, A., Kosinski, M., & Behrend, T. S. (2017, April). Personality variability predicts information sharing: A large scale field study. Poster presented at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.

Willford, J. C., Tomczak, D. L., Jimenez, W., Ravid, D., & Behrend, T. S. (2017, April). Electronic performance monitoring type predicts monitoring perceptions and contextual performance. Poster presented at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.

Auer, E., Behrend, T. S., Collmus, A., & Landers, R. N. (2017, April). How pay affects performance and retention in longitudinal crowdsourced research. Poster presented at the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.

2016

Nichols, J., Blacksmith, N.,& Behrend, T. S. (2016, May). Exploring predictors of internship satisfaction: Perceived fit and interest fit. Poster presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago, IL.

Behrend, T. S., Willford, J. C., & Foster, L. L. (2016, April). 21st century skills: Why do they matter to I-O? Symposium presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.

Blacksmith, N., Behrend, T. S., Dalal, R. S., & Hayes, T. L. (2016, April). g explains individual differences in decision-making competence. Symposium presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.

2015

Willford, J.C., Cox, M.J., Howard, R.H., & Behrend, TS. (2015, May). Workplace monitoring and surveillance: A mixed-methods examination of invasiveness perceptions. Poster presented at the 28th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

Horn, R.G., Shen, R., & Behrend, TS (2015, May). An exploration of accent and medium effects in employment interviews.  Poster presented at the 28th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

Willford, J.C., Howard, R.H., Cox, M.J., Badger, J.M., & Behrend, TS (2015, April). A latent class analysis of electronic performance monitoring practices.  Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.

Badger, J.M., & Behrend, T. S. (2015, April). The formative nature of person-organization fit. Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.

Blacksmith, N., Karim, M. N., Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2015, April). Individual difference determinants of withdrawal from cognitive ability assessments. Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.

Yu, P., & Behrend, T. S. (2015, April). Putting the “e” in efficacy: Understanding technology-related efficacy judgments. Symposium presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.

Blacksmith, N., Willford, J., & Behrend, T. S. (2015, April). Technology mediation lowers interview ratings and reactions. Poster presented at the 30th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.

Frankosky, M., London, J. Thompson, I., Behrend, T. S., & Wiebe, E. N. (2015, April). Data analytics for modeling user behavior within MOOCs: A comparison of clustering techniques. Poster presented at the 99th Annual American Educational Research Association Convention, Chicago, IL.

2014

Behrend, T. S. (2014, May). Recruitment and selection in the virtual workplace.  Invited presentation to the Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, San Francisco CA.

Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2014, May). Calling affects career choice: Integrating calling & social cognitive career theory. Poster presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Honolulu, HI.

Behrend, T. S., Yost, A. B., Badger, J. M., Jensen, J., & Willford, J. (2014, May). Antecedents and outcomes of reactance to electronic performance monitoring. Poster presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Honolulu, HI.

Behrend, T. S., & Major, D. (2014, May). I-O psychology’s contributions to patching the STEM pipeline. Symposium presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Honolulu, HI.

2013

Blacksmith, N., Horn, R., & Behrend, T. S. (2013, May). Online interviews: An exploration of how text-only media influences information used to rate applicants. Poster presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Horn, R., Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. Sharek, D. J., & Wiebe, E. N. (2013, May). Mechanical Turk: Compensation rate and data quality. Poster presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Howardson, G. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2013, May). Learning goal orientation moderates the negative effects of pleasant and activating affect on goal striving processes. Poster presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Kaminsky, S. E. & Behrend, T. S. (2013, May). Development of the Workplace Computer Self-Efficacy Scale. Poster presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2013, May). Motivated decision-making: Development of a choice goals measure. Poster presented at the 25th annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Howardson, G. H., & Behrend, T. S. (2013, April). Assessing the indirect effects of self-efficacy sources on learning. Poster presented at the 28th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Houston, TX.

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2013, April). Learner control: Individual differences, control perceptions, and control usage. Poster presented at the 28th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Houston, TX.

Karim, M. N., Kaminsky, S. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2013, April). Effects of remote proctoring on test performance and applicant reactions. In T. Hayes (Chair), Technology Enhanced Assessments, a Measurement Odyssey. Symposium presented at the 28th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Houston, TX.

Behrend, T. S., Gloss, A. E., Howardson, G. N., Thompson, L. F., & McCallum, S. (2013). Psychological dynamics in ICTD projects. Proceedings of ICTD 2013, 6, 9-12. doi: 10.1145/2517899.2517944

2012

Brown, A.R., Badger, J. M., Behrend, T. S., & Jensen, J. N. (2012, April). Personality predicts acceptance of electronic performance monitoring at work. Poster presented to the 27th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Diego, CA.

Karim, M. N., Behrend, T. S., & Saqib S. I. (2012, April). A multidimensional framework of learner control. In T.S. Behrend & R. Landers (Chairs), Building a Science of Learner Control in Training: Current Perspectives. Symposium presented at the 27th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, San Diego, CA.

2011

Howardson, G. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2011, April). Internet job-seekers’ information expectations predict organizational attraction. Poster presented to the 26th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Kaminsky, S. E., Badger, J. M., & Behrend, T. S. (2011, April). Employee recruitment in virtual worlds: Effects on information transfer. In R. Landers & T. S. Behrend (Chairs), Empirical Evidence for Emerging Technology: MUVEs/Virtual Worlds in HR. Symposium presented at the 26th annual meeting of the Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Badger, J. M. & Behrend, T. S. (2011, August). Avatars aren’t for everyone: Personality differences in perceptions of virtual worlds and websites. Poster presented at the 19th annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

Karim, M. N., & Behrend, T. S. (2011, August). Changes in training reactions over time: The role of evaluation apprehension and skills test performance. Poster presented at the 19th annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.